Sinus & ENT Specialist Singapore – Tonsillitis 101: What To Know In A Tonsil Removal and ENT Clinic

The human body is a complex organism, and as such, it can be prone to a variety of different ailments. One of the most common is tonsillitis, a condition that affects the throat and can cause intense pain and discomfort. Tonsillitis in Singapore is a problem that affects many people in the region, and it is important to be aware of the treatments available to address this issue. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatments for tonsillitis in Singapore, as well as the importance of visiting an Ent Clinic in Singapore and finding an experienced ENT doctor in Singapore.

What is Tonsillitis in Singapore?

Tonsillitis is an inflammation of the tonsils, which are small glands located at the back of the throat. It is one of the most common illnesses in children and adults, and it is usually caused by a virus or bacteria. It is a highly contagious condition and can be spread through coughing, sneezing, and direct contact.

Symptoms of tonsillitis in Singapore can include sore throat, fever, difficulty swallowing, and swollen lymph nodes. In some cases, the tonsils may even become enlarged, leading to a condition known as tonsillar hypertrophy. Recurrent tonsillitis can be a source of significant discomfort and can interfere with daily activities, such as eating and sleeping.

Tonsil Removal Singapore

Tonsillectomy, also known as tonsil removal, is a surgical procedure that involves removing the tonsils, which are two small, round structures located at the back of the throat. Tonsillectomy is typically performed to treat recurrent tonsillitis, sleep apnea, and other conditions that affect the tonsils.

During the procedure, the patient is typically placed under general anaesthesia, which means they will be asleep and unaware during the surgery. The surgeon will use specialised tools for tonsil removal through the mouth. The procedure usually takes less than an hour to complete.

The recovery period can vary depending on the patient’s age, overall health, and the reason for the tonsillectomy. In general, most patients can return to their normal activities within two weeks following the surgery.

Ent Clinic Singapore and Ent Doctor Singapore

An ENT clinic in Singapore is a form of a specialised clinic that focuses on treating ear, nose, and throat conditions. It is staffed by experienced ENT doctors who are highly trained in diagnosing and treating tonsillitis Singapore and other conditions. During your visit, a professional ENT doctor in Singapore will assess your condition and take a detailed medical history. They will then recommend the best course of action, which may involve medication, lifestyle changes, or in some cases, tonsil removal.

Tonsillitis Singapore: Prevention and Treatment

The best way to prevent tonsillitis in Singapore is to practise good hygiene, such as washing your hands regularly, avoiding close contact with those who are ill and avoiding sharing cups, utensils, and other items. If you do develop symptoms of tonsillitis in Singapore, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Treatment typically involves rest, fluids, and medication to reduce the symptoms. In some cases, Ent Doctor Singapore may recommend tonsil removal.


Tonsillitis in Singapore is a common condition that affects people of all ages. It is important to be aware of the symptoms and treatments available. If you are suffering from recurrent tonsillitis in Singapore, it is important to visit Ent Clinic Singapore and consult with an experienced Ent Doctor in Singapore. They will be able to assess your condition and recommend the most effective course of action.

If you are looking for expert ENT services and other related treatment, visit Dr Gan’s website or contact us!


Which substance causes ototoxicity?

The ability to listen to sound is indeed a blessing. You should take care of your health and always remember that the ear is also part of health. Taking care of the ear is more than just making sure it is clean visibly but also to take care of the inside of the ear. In this article, we will be learning about ototoxicity, a condition that affects the ear and can affect the ability for humans to listen well.

Ototoxicity refers to damage to the hearing as a result of medication or exposure to chemicals that affect the inner ear. Since it affects the inner ear, ototoxicity may even cause damage to balance. To better understand how ototoxicity affects the inner ear, it is best to understand a bit more on how sound is perceived by humans and how it makes us able to listen to the many sounds in the world.

When there is a sound, the sound is transferred into the ear canal. This will cause the eardrum to move or vibrate. The vibration will then be transferred to the ossicles or known as the tiny bones in the middle ear. This ossicle amplifies the sound and sends them to cochlea in the inner ear. The cochlea is a snail-shaped structure filled with fluid. The movement of fluid makes the hair cells in the cochlea transfer the sound information in electrical signals to the brain. The brain will then translate this information into recognizable and meaningful sound.

Hence, how does ototoxicity affect the ear? Basically, most of the ototoxicity substance affects the inner ear structure such as cochlea. As mentioned, cochlea works to transfer information received, which is sound in the form of electrical signals to the brain. Hence, ototoxicity in many cases affects the hair cell’s ability. Another reason why ototoxicity may affect balance is the vestibular system is affected. The vestibular system is the organ balance located in the inner ear. Hence, when ototoxicity happens, it may affect this structure as well.

Symptoms of ototoxicity can vary as the condition itself can be reversible or irreversible. Thus, conditions can be temporary or permanent. This includes no hearing problems at all, minimise hearing loss, ringing in the ear (tinnitus), hearing loss that occurs in one or both ears but typically both ears, deafness and imbalance. Light-headedness, disoriented, dizzy and frequent headaches can also be symptoms of ototoxicity.

There are more than 200 medications and chemicals that are known to cause ototoxicity. With the large number of substances that already has been proved to be ototoxic, you probably wonder if the medication you are taking or chemicals you are constantly exposed to are potentially an ototoxic. Below are the some of the substances that has been proven to be potentially be ototoxic:

1)  Aminoglycosides antibiotics such as gentamicin

2)  Macrolides antibiotics such as erythromycin, azithromycin and clarithromycin

3)   Glycopeptide antibiotics such as vancomycin

4)  Cancer chemotherapy drugs such as cisplatin and carboplatin

5)  Salicylate pain reliever such as aspirin

6)  Quinine

7)  Loop diuretics such as furosemide, bumetanide and ethacrynic acid

8)  Solvents such as trichloroethylene, ethylbenzene and toluene

9)   Carbon monoxide

10)  Hydrogen cyanide

11)  Tobacco smoke

12)  Nitriles

13)  Metals and compounds such as mercury compounds and lead

It is worth noting that the above-mentioned substance can either be causing temporary or permanent, and reversible or irreversible ototoxicity. Thus, it is important to discuss with a doctor if there is potential for hearing or balance damage as a result of taking medication. At times, there are so few treatments available and the only treatment available is that particular medication which should offer some hope for curing life-threatening disease or stopping a very dangerous infection. Exposure to loud sounds or noise while taking certain medication may increase the damaging effect.

Beside those taking medication, some of the people that work with chemicals that are ototoxic should be careful when handling these substances. Those responsible for ensuring the worker is safe such as employers and those working as OSH (Occupational Health and Safety) staff should play their role in minimising the risk of ototoxicity affecting their worker. This includes proposing prevention steps such as reviewing and identifying ototoxic substances, providing health and safety information to workers, replacing hazardous chemicals with less toxic ones and to ensure the appropriate PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) is provided and used while working. Any complaints regarding hearing loss should be investigated and to be taken care of by a medical officer immediately.

In essence, ototoxicity is more than a condition that affects the hearing but also may impact balance. It is impossible to completely eliminate all ototoxic substances as some of them are the only choice available. When there are any symptoms or signs of ototoxicity, the patient should get checked by a doctor. It is best to get checked immediately so that treatment is able to either return the hearing or balance function and to stop a potential major damage of the inner ear function.

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Left Brain Vs Right Brain

Left Brain Vs Right Brain

One way to exercise the left hemisphere is to lean a new language. An activity such as singing can help strengthen the right. Both of these activities rely on reading- song lyrics and studying language in written form. Such reading activates both sides simultaneously and works to boost brain performance. For More brain-boosting exercises please see the accompanying resource.


Graphic created by Master Pieces, Inc, retailer of puzzle adhesive sheets.

The Amazing Health Benefits Of Vitamin C

The Amazing Health Benefits Of Vitamin C

Ascorbic acid, another name for vitamin C, is a potent antioxidant that’s crucial for keeping the body healthy. We must obtain this mineral from our meals or supplements as our systems are unable to manufacture it. We shall discuss the numerous vitaminc health benefits (วิตามินซี ประโยชน์, which is the term in Thai) in this post and why it is crucial to our general health and wellbeing.

Improves Immune System Performance

The capacity of vitamin C to strengthen the immune system is one of its most well-known health advantages. This nutrient is essential for the development of white blood cells, which are in charge of warding off illnesses and infections. Regular vitamin C consumption can help shorten the length and severity of common diseases like the flu and colds.

Promotes Wound Healing

Additionally necessary for tissue repair and wound healing is vitamin C. Collagen, a protein required for the development and maintenance of skin, bones, and other tissues, is formed with its aid. Additionally, it aids in preventing cell deterioration and reducing inflammation, which can speed up the healing process.

Reduces Risk Of Chronic Diseases

According to studies, vitamin C may lower the chance of developing chronic illnesses like cancer, heart disease, and stroke. This nutrient aids in defending cells against the harm done by free radicals, unstable chemicals that can lead to oxidative stress and have a role in the emergence of chronic diseases.

Improves Skin Health

The health of your skin benefits from vitamin C as well. It aids in defending the skin from deterioration brought on by UV rays, pollution, and other environmental causes. Additionally, it contributes to the synthesis of collagen, which helps to enhance skin suppleness and lessen the visibility of wrinkles and fine lines.

Supports Eye Health

Maintaining eye health requires vitamin C. It aids in shielding the eyes from environmental influences and UV radiation damage. Additionally, it contributes to the synthesis of collagen, a substance vital to the health of the cornea and other tissues of the eye.

Boosts Iron Absorption

Additionally, vitamin C can aid in the body’s improved absorption of iron. Red blood cell synthesis and the distribution of oxygen throughout the body depend on iron, an important mineral. Iron deficiency anaemia can be avoided because of vitamin C’s role in converting iron into a form that is simpler for the body to absorb.


Vitamin C is a vital substance with several health advantages. This nutrient is essential for maintaining our general health and wellness since it improves immune system function, speeds up wound healing, and lowers the risk of chronic diseases. To ensure that you are getting enough of this crucial nutrient, make sure to include foods high in vitamin C in your diet, such as citrus fruits, strawberries, broccoli, and peppers. You can also think about taking a vitamin C supplement.


Dental Social Security: Ensuring Your Oral Health For A Worry-Free Future

Dental Social Security: Ensuring Your Oral Health For A Worry-Free Future

Hey there! Are you ready to dive into the world of dental social security (ทําฟัน ประกันสังคม which is the term in Thai)? We’ve got you covered! In this article, we’ll explore the importance of maintaining oral health to secure a future filled with confident smiles.

From understanding common dental issues to learning about preventive measures and available treatments, we’ll provide the information you need to keep your pearly whites in top shape. So, let’s get started!

The Foundations Of Dental Social Security

When we talk about dental social security, we’re referring to the steps you can take to safeguard your oral health and prevent potential dental problems. As you plan for retirement or set up an emergency fund, prioritizing your dental well-being can save you from costly treatments and ensure a happy, healthy smile.

Maintaining good oral hygiene is the cornerstone of dental social security. Brushing your teeth twice daily, using fluoride toothpaste, and flossing regularly is essential to keep your teeth and gums strong. Remember, prevention is key!

Common Dental Issues And Their Impact

Understanding the common dental issues that can arise is crucial for taking proactive measures to protect your oral health. Let’s take a closer look at some of these concerns:

·       Tooth Decay: A Sneaky Intruder

Tooth decay, also known as cavities, occurs when bacteria in your mouth produce acids that erode tooth enamel. If left untreated, this can lead to painful toothaches, sensitivity, and even tooth loss. Regular dental check-ups and a healthy diet low in sugary foods and beverages can help keep tooth decay at bay.

·       Gum Disease: Don’t Let It Sneak Up On You

Gum or periodontal disease affects the tissues that support your teeth. It begins with gum inflammation (gingivitis) and, if not addressed, can progress to more severe stages. Early signs include swollen, bleeding gums and persistent bad breath. Brushing, flossing, and routine visits to your dentist play a vital role in preventing gum disease.

·       Oral Cancer: The Importance Of Early Detection

Oral cancer is a severe condition that affects various parts of the mouth, including the tongue, lips, and throat. It’s essential to be aware of any changes or abnormalities, such as lumps, sores that don’t heal, or difficulty swallowing. Regular dental check-ups include oral cancer screenings, enabling early detection and increasing the chances of successful treatment.


Dental sealants are thin protective coatings applied to the chewing surfaces of your back teeth. They create a barrier against bacteria and food particles, reducing the risk of cavities. This quick and painless procedure can be especially beneficial for children and teens struggling with proper brushing techniques.

Five Things You Should Know About Laparoscopic ACL Surgery

Five Things You Should Know About Laparoscopic ACL Surgery

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the four major ligaments in the knee. An ACL tear can occur during sports activities involving sudden stops or direction changes, such as football, soccer, and basketball. Laparoscopic ACL surgery is a minimally invasive procedure used to repair a torn ACL.

If you are considering laparoscopic ACL surgery, you should know a few things. In this blog post, we will discuss five things you should know about Laparoscopic anterior cruciate ligament surgery (ผ่าตัด เอ็นไขว้หน้าแบบส่องกล้อง, which is the term in Thai)

1.    What Is Laparoscopic ACL Surgery?

Laparoscopic ACL surgery is a minimally invasive procedure used to repair a torn ACL. It is performed through several small incisions in the knee. A camera is inserted through one of the incisions, and the surgeon uses the camera to view the inside of the knee. The surgeon then inserts surgical instruments through the other incisions to repair the ACL.

2.    Who Is A Good Candidate For Laparoscopic ACL Surgery?

It is a good option for people with torn ACL, are active, and want to return to their previous activity level. It is also a good option for people with other medical conditions that make traditional ACL surgery more risky.

3.    What Are The Risks Of Laparoscopic ACL Surgery?

The risks are similar to those of traditional ACL surgery. These risks include infection, blood clots, and nerve damage. However, the risks of laparoscopic ACL surgery are generally lower than the risks of traditional ACL surgery.

4.    What Is The Recovery Time For Laparoscopic ACL Surgery?

The recovery time is generally shorter than that for traditional ACL surgery. Most people can walk without crutches within a few days of surgery. They may need to use a brace for several weeks. Full recovery can take up to six months.

5.    What Are The Benefits Of Laparoscopic ACL Surgery?

The benefits of laparoscopic ACL surgery include a shorter recovery time, a lower risk of infection, and a smaller scar. It can also be performed on people with other medical conditions that make traditional ACL surgery more risky.


Laparoscopic ACL surgery is a minimally invasive procedure used to repair a torn ACL. It is a good option for active people who want to return to their previous level of activity. It is also a good option for people with other medical conditions that make traditional ACL surgery more risky.

If you are considering laparoscopic ACL surgery, talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of the procedure.


What are tumor markers in blood test?

Health is always a thing that is taken for granted. People will only appreciate the gift of health when they actually experience some form of disease or sickness. There are many forms of health problems that affect people of all ages. One of the terrifying forms of disease affecting health greatly is cancer. It is so terrifying that even mentioning the word ‘cancer’ can send shivers down the spine in a split second. There are more than 100 types of cancer that have been identified. 50{a2a46ec55642e682a71e8cca36f3803ecd4bd950ef2bece5716193f567526501} of all cancer cases are actually preventable which means regular health screening should be able to detect it at its early stage. In this article, we will be learning about tumour markers in blood tests that are associated with cancer diagnosis.

          Tumour marker is a substance produced by the body as a response to cancer or certain benign conditions. It has traditionally been proteins or other substances that are produced in higher amounts by the cancer cells than the normal cells. In general, tumour markers can be found in the blood, urine, stool, tumour and other tissue or body fluids of a person with cancer. Tumour markers are also known as biomarkers. Some of these tumour markers are specific to one cancer whereas some may be seen in several types of cancer. Testing for tumour markers in blood tests is usually performed by taking a sample of blood to be analysed in the laboratories.

          There are two main types of tumour markers: tumour tissue markers and circulating tumour markers. Tumour tissue or cell markers are found in the tumour, typically in a sample of tumour obtained from biopsy. Circulating tumour markers are found in blood, urine, stool or other body fluids. Hence, tumour markers in blood test are classified as circulating tumour markers.

          It is true that high tumour marker levels can be a sign of cancer. Tumour marker tests, specifically circulating tumour marker is used for several reasons such as to estimate the prognosis or outcome of the cancer, to determine the stage of cancer, to identify remaining cancer cells after treatment, to identify if the cancer cells have returned after treatment (recurrence), to assess treatment progress and as a monitor to know if a treatment has stopped working or ineffective.

          In reality, circulating tumour markers are not enough to diagnose cancer although elevated levels of this marker may suggest a person with cancer. This is because even noncancerous conditions may lead to an increase of certain tumour markers. Plus, people with a particular type of cancer may not have a higher level of tumour marker to be suspicious with the specific cancer. Some cancers do not produce tumour markers that can be found in the blood test. Thus, circulating tumour markers are usually combined with other results such as from biopsy or imaging test to diagnose cancer.

Example of commonly used tumour marker in blood test includes:

1)    Calcitonin- One of the hormones produced by thyroid but increased of calcitonin level is associated with medullary thyroid cancer. Calcitonin biomarkers are most often used to diagnose medullary thyroid cancer, to know if treatment for the cancer is working, to check for recurrence possibility and to estimate prognosis.

2)    CA 125- Ovarian cancer is the most common cause for elevation of this  biomarker but cancers of the uterus, cervix, breast, lung, liver, pancreas, colon and digestive tract may also raise the level. CA 125 is mainly used to monitor how well treatments for ovarian cancer.

3)    Beta-2 microglobulin- Increased amount of this biomarker in blood could indicate cancer such as multiple myeloma and lymphoma.

4)    Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)- Elevated level of AFP may indicate liver cancer or cancer of ovary/testicle.

5)    Beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (Beta-hCG)- May indicate cancer in testis, ovary, liver, stomach, pancreas and lung.

6)    Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)- Colorectal cancer is the most common cancer that elevates this tumour marker.

7)    Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)- High level of PSA level may indicate prostate cancer but noncancerous conditions such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostatitis may increase PSA.

          It can be concluded that tumour markers play many roles in cancer. From identifying cancer to the ability to assess the outcome of the cancer, tumour markers make it possible. There are a wide range of tumour markers used to describe the many ranges of cancer types. Commonly used tumour markers as mentioned above are just the small portion of tumour markers available.

          Since tumour markers can be used to predict response of a cancer treatment and for prognosis, researchers hoped that tumour markers could be used as screening tests to detect cancer early on, even before symptoms are exhibited. This can be a great advantage in better management of cancer and can potentially be a means of prevention.

       However, for now, tumour markers may not be suitable for cancer screening due to the low specificity and low sensitivity in detecting cancer. Fret not, many current researches have highlighted other ways to help early cancer detection, providing better effective treatment and to improve accuracy of predicting chance for cancer outcome along with its possible recurrence. It is hoped that in the near future, cancer diseases can be managed well and hopefully lessen patient’s sufferings.

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Best Foods For Your Smile

Daily brushing and flossing are essential to preventing tooth decay and gum disease, but did you know that the foods you eat can also affect oral health? Your diet can help you maintain shinier, healthier, cavity-free pearly whites. Here are several nutrient-rich foods that promote healthy teeth and gums.

This infographic was created by McLean DDS.


Why You Should Start An Exercise Routine

Check with your primary care physician before starting an exercise program, especially if you haven’t worked out in a while and/or have medical conditions. If you do have a medical condition, working out may still be very possible (or even very beneficial), provided you get the proper, professional guidance on what exercises to do and at what intensity to do them. For more information, continue reading below.

Graphic created by Apogee Fitness, a fitness studio in Mokena.


The Art of Pipe Smoking: A Guide to Pipe Etiquette

Pipe smoking is a timeless and cherished tradition enjoyed by many. The art of pipe smoking goes beyond just packing a bowl and lighting up. There are certain rules of etiquette to follow that not only enhance your own experience but also show respect to others around you. In this article, we’ll provide a guide to pipe smoking etiquette that will help you become a true connoisseur.

First and foremost, always ask for permission before lighting up in public or in someone else’s home. While smoking is a personal choice, it’s important to be considerate of those around you who may not enjoy the smell of smoke. When in doubt, it’s best to step outside or find a designated smoking area.

When packing your pipe, take your time and do it right. Use a pipe tool to lightly pack the tobacco and make sure it’s evenly distributed. Avoid overpacking your pipe as this can lead to difficult draws and an unpleasant smoking experience.

Once your pipe is packed, it’s time to light up. Use a lighter or matches to ignite the tobacco, being careful not to char the rim of the pipe. Slowly puff on the pipe while gently tamping down the ash as needed. It’s important to not take too many puffs in a row as this can lead to a hot bowl and a harsh taste.

As you smoke your pipe, hold it with a relaxed grip and avoid clenching it in your teeth. This can cause damage to both your pipe and your teeth. Instead, hold it gently between your fingers or rest it in a pipe stand.

When you’re finished smoking, don’t just flick the ash off your pipe. Gently tap the bowl against a pipe ashtray to remove the ash, and use a pipe tool to scrape out any remaining tobacco. Let the pipe cool down completely before storing it away.

Properly cleaning your pipe is also an important part of pipe smoking etiquette. After each use, remove any leftover tobacco and ash from the bowl and stem. Use a pipe cleaner to remove any buildup and a soft cloth to wipe down the outside of the pipe. It’s also a good idea to periodically deep clean your pipe with pipe sweetener or alcohol to remove any lingering odors.

In conclusion, pipe smoking etiquette is all about being respectful to those around you and taking care of your pipe. By following these guidelines, you can become a true pipe smoking connoisseur and enjoy this timeless tradition to its fullest.