Health

Tinea Versicolor: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

What Is Tinea Versicolor?

Tinea versicolor is a fungal infection that causes tiny patches of discoloured spots on the skin. It’s also known as pityriasis versicolor. It’s caused by a kind of yeast that naturally lives on the skin. When the yeast grows beyond control, the skin disease, which appears as a rash, is the consequence.

Signs and Symptoms of Tinea Versicolor

Acidic bleach from the growing yeast causes areas of skin to be a different colour than the skin around them. They can be small spots or patches. The symptoms and signs of infection are:

  • Patches that appear red, pink, white or brown and may be darker or lighter than the skin around them.
  • Spots that don’t tan the way the rest of your skin does.
  • Spots that pop up more boldly when you do tan.
  • Spots that can occur anywhere on your body but are commonly noticed on your chest, neck, back, and arms.

The spots may disappear during cold weather, but they can get worse during warm and humid weather.

Similar conditions

Some skin conditions have symptoms that look like tinea versicolor. These include:

  1. Vitiligo: It is a condition that makes you lose your skin colour
  2. Pityriasis rosea: It is a rash that can cause tiny spots that spread across your body in the shape of a tree

These conditions have features that clue your doctor into what you have, like the texture and rash pattern.

Tinea Versicolor Causes

The yeast responsible for tinea versicoloror, Malassezia, develops on normal healthy skin. However, these factors can cause an overgrowth that causes the infection:

  • Oily skin
  • Living in a hot climate
  • Sweating a lot
  • Hormonal changes
  • A weak immune system

Since the yeast naturally grows on your skin, tinea versicolor isn’t transmissible. It can affect people of any skin colour. It is typically seen in teenagers as well as young people. For some people, it may cause emotional distress and feelings of self-consciousness.

Tinea Versicolor Treatment

How do dermatologists diagnose tinea versicolor?

A doctor can diagnose tinea versicolor based on how the rash looks like.

If they need more details, the following tests can help:

  • Wood lamp (black light) examination: The doctor uses ultraviolet light, which may make the affected areas appear as a fluorescent coppery orange colour if it is the result of tinea versicolor.
  • Microscopy using potassium hydroxide (KOH): The doctor will remove the cells from your skin, soak them in potassium hydroxide, and then analyse them under a microscope.
  • Skin biopsy: The doctor will take an adipose tissue sample by scraping a small amount of skin and scales from the affected area for examination under a microscope. In the case of children, the doctor may remove skin cells by first firmly attaching transparent tape over the affected area before removing it. The sample can then be put directly onto a slide for examination with a microscope.

How do dermatologists treat tinea versicolor?

The treatment a dermatologist prescribes is based on a variety of factors. These include where the tinea versicolor appears on your body, how much of your skin is affected by tinea versicolor, how thick the spots have grown and the climate.

Treatment for tinea versicolor may include the following:

  1. Medicine applied to the skin: This is the most frequently used treatment. There are anti-fungal soaps, shampoos, creams, and lotions that can keep the yeast in control. They contain active ingredients such as selenium sulphide, ketoconazole or pyrithione zinc.

  1. Medicated cleansers: Tinea versicolor often returns, particularly if a person lives in a humid and warm place. Using a medicated cleanser at least once or twice a month, especially during hot and humid times, will stop the yeast from growing again.

  1. Anti-fungal medications: A dermatologist may prescribe these medications if tinea versicolor covers a significant area of the body, is thick or often reoccurs after it is treated. These medications are used for a limited time. During this period, your dermatologist will monitor you.

  1. Antifungal Soaps: There are several options available in the Indian market, but Ketoconazole-based soaps are considered the best antifungal soap in India for treating Tinea Versicolor.

Outcome

With treatment, the yeast is easy to kill. But, the skin can stay lighter (or darker) for a few weeks or even months. However, the skin will eventually return to its normal colour. To even out your skin’s tone, protect your skin from the sun and not tan.

Tinea versicolor can return. When the outdoor air is humid and hot, it is possible for the yeast to increase in size and become out of control. Some people who live in a tropical climate may need to apply a medicated cleanser year-round to prevent the yeast from over-growing. People who live in an area that becomes moist and warm each spring may see tinea versicolor come back every year.

Lifestyle Tips for Managing Tinea Versicolor

Episodes are very common since the yeast that causes the infection is a normal fungus that lives on your skin. You might use the medicated cleanser once a week for about 10 minutes for a few months to help prevent tinea versicolor from returning. It is possible to use these products if the infection keeps returning, especially for those who live in a humid and warm area.

If the condition is mild, it is possible to treat it yourself. There are anti-fungal products that you can purchase without a prescription. They include:

  • Shampoo that contains selenium sulphide
  • Anti-fungal cream or ointment that contains miconazole, clotrimazole or terbinafine.

When using these products, dermatologists suggest the following:

  • Wash and dry the affected skin
  • Apply a thin layer of the anti-fungal cream or ointment. Apply it at least once or twice a day for at least two weeks.
  • If you are using a shampoo, leave it on your scalp for 5 to 10 minutes before cleaning it off.
  • If you have oily skin, it’s best to use a dermatologist-recommended soap for oily skin to help manage the condition.

Some people require stronger medication which is why they consult a dermatologist. If you choose to treat yourself or consult a dermatologist, these guidelines will help you achieve better outcomes:

  • Avoid using skin care products that are oily. Make sure you use oil-free products. The label may also read “non-comedogenic.”
  • Wear loose clothes. Nothing should feel tight.
  • Make sure your skin is protected from the sun. A tan makes tinea versicolor easier to spot.
  • Avoid using a tanning bed or sun lamp. Again, a tan makes tinea versicolor more visible.

How can you protect your skin from the sun

To achieve the most effective results, it is essential to protect your skin from the sun. For this, apply sunscreen daily. Make sure that you apply sunscreen for at least 20 minutes before leaving. And apply it to all skin that will not be covered by clothes. Make sure you use a sunscreen that provides:

  • UVA and UVB protection (label may read broad-spectrum)
  • Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of 30 or more
  • Non-greasy formula (label may say “oil-free” or “non-comedogenic”)
Health

Chin Surgery Must Be Done In The Best Hospital To Avoid Complications

Everyone wants to look beautiful, maybe through applying makeup or through surgery if you are not with any specific part of your body. Chin surgery is the most common one, and if you are not happy with the shape of your chin, then you need to find the place where is best for chin surgery (เสริมคางที่ไหนดี, which is the term in Thai) and how it can be done.

What Is The Process Of Chin Surgery?

An uneven chin looks inappropriate, so you need to find the best place for this surgery. If you have a small chin and want to make it a bit elongated to make it a bit attractive. So the process is,

At first, anesthesia is done in that particular place, an incision is made outside or inside the mouth, an implant is placed under the jawline to give a distinctive look, and stitches are done and once stitched after the dressing bandage is applied to get healed quickly.

What Are Its Side Effects?

  1. After the surgery, you can feel a tingling sensation, creating discomfort for a few days.
  2. The wound could open up anytime if you don’t follow the instructions carefully and perform any strenuous activity.
  3. Try not to sleep while pressing your chin, as your chin will get swollen and take time to heal immediately.
  4. Do the dressing every alternate day to avoid infection. Applying shaving foam in those affected areas can cause adverse problems.

If you are willing to make your chin elongate by a few centimeters, but the doctor is not allowing you to do it, then it’s better not to proceed with that as it can deform your chin, and you will look different. So it’s better to consult a professional doctor to guide you accurately.

Conclusion

Where is the best for chin surgery? It depends upon the physician and the clinic as well. The physician must have the license and experience to deal with complex cases. The hospital must be clean and must have good reviews regarding this surgery. Before booking an appointment, try to review the reviews and search for the best doctor for this surgery. It has to be done efficiently without thinking about the cost. The experienced physicians will charge you high, so try to go for it. After surgery, please maintain a few things to avoid any further issues.

Health

Being by the Side of an Addict Requires some Knowledge as Well

Being a friend or family means sticking by thin and thick, especially if there is an addiction issue. As addiction causes multiple changes, both physical and psychological, the person might be violent, unresponsive or completely ignorant. As they go through severe alcohol withdrawal, they would need proper support from the loved ones.

  • You have no power over the decisions made by others. You could think that it would be easier for the patient to prevent relapse if they would simply let others organize your appointments, assist with job applications, or handle this or that problem. Even so, it could be real. Yet the truth is that your buddy or relative needs to develop independent coping mechanisms independent of drugs and alcohol. Although it’s crucial to offer encouragement, remember that you cannot force someone to do anything. Attempting to force the matter will just result in unneeded tension.
  • Simply showing up and showing you care is key. Your desire to assist a friend or loved one who is recovering says a lot about you and how much you want them to succeed in their recovery. Just by showing up and checking in, you can make a significant difference. Invite them out for coffee or a run, come over, or send them a text. Little by little, incorporate them into your life, and ask them to do the same.
  • Recognize that not everything must alter. You may still conduct a lot of the same activities you used to do with your friend or loved one. You can hang out at their place or invite them over, work out together, go grocery shopping together, or just spend time and have fun. But it is not advised to drink around them, bring them to a bar, or take them anywhere else they will have access to drugs or alcohol.